Homocysteinemia is Associated with Frailty and Biomechanical Response of the CNS in NPH-suspected Patients

S. Guillotin, A. Vallet, S. Lorthois, P. Cestac, E. Schmidt, N. Delcourt
Accepted in Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences

Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that combines physiological decline, disruptions of homeostatic mechanisms across multiple physiologic systems and thus, strong vulnerability to further pathological stress. Previously, we provided the first evidence that increased risk of poor health outcomes, as quantified by a frailty index, is associated with an alteration of the central nervous system (CNS) biomechanical response to blood pulsatility. In this study, we explored correlation between fourteen biological parameters, the CNS elastance coefficient and frailty index. We included 60 adults (52-92 years) suspected of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and presenting with markers of multiple co-existing brain pathologies, including Parkinson disease (PD), Alzheimer disease (AD) and vascular dementia. We showed that the homocysteine (Hcy) level was independently and positively associated with both frailty index and the CNS elastance coefficient (adjusted R² of 10% and 6%). We also demonstrated that creatinine clearance and folate level were independently associated with Hcy level. Based on previous literature results describing the involvement of Hcy in endothelial dysfunction, glial activation and neurodegeneration, we discuss how Hcy could contribute to the altered biomechanical response of the CNS and frailty.

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